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Language Requirements For Canadian Immigration

Language tests are one of the eligibility requirements for all 3 programs under Express Entry:

  1. Federal Skilled Worker Program
  2. Federal Skilled Trades Program, and
  3. Canadian Experience Class.

Candidates are awarded points based on their English and French Language ability.

The minimum requirements for language are different for the 3 programs. When you are creating your Express Entry profile, the system will request you to provide information of the language test you have taken along-with the results and reference numbers.

Approved English Language Tests for Canada Immigration

The approved English language tests for Canada Permanent Residency are:

IELTS General Test (International English Language Testing System)

This comprehensive language assessment is widely recognized and accepted by thousands of educational institutions, professional organizations, and government agencies worldwide, including Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). Suppose you are a skilled worker seeking to immigrate to Canada, or a professional seeking career opportunities in English-speaking countries. In that case, IELTS can provide you with the language skills assessment you need to achieve your goals.

There are two types of IELTS Tests. The IELTS General Test is taken for Canada immigration purposes and IELTS Academic is preferred for Canada study visa purposes.

Note: IELTS Academic Test result is not accepted for Canada PR visa purposes.

Validity of IELTS exam:

A Test Report Form (TRF) for the IELTS is valid for a period of two years.

Cost of IELTS exam:

Depending on the assessment type, different IELTS test fees apply in India. Please see the table below for complete details on IELTS exam costs:

First official language (Maximum 24 points)
Test Type Exam fees (INR)
Pen and paper-based IELTS 17,000
Computer-delivered IELTS 17,000

The IELTS General Test has 4 modules: Reading, Writing, Speaking, and Listening. A maximum of 24 points can be obtained from this test.

IELTS scores to CLB Level (FSWP)

The per-segment score criteria for each CLB Level are listed below:

CLB Level Points /subcategory Listening Speaking Reading Writing
10 & above 6 8.5 - 9.0 7.5 - 9.0 8.0 - 9.0 7.5 - 9.0
9 6 8.0 7.0 7.0 7.0
8 5 7.5 6.5 6.5 6.5
7 4 6.0-7.0 6.0 6.0 6.0

If you fulfill the following per-section standards and English is your second language, you will receive 4 points.

CLB Level Total Points Listening Speaking Reading Writing
5 & above 4 5.0 - 9.0 5.0 - 9.0 4.0 - 9.0 4.0 - 9.0

PTE Core English Test (Pearson Test of English)

The PTE Core is a completely computer-based English language proficiency test that assesses your everyday English skills in reading, writing, listening, and speaking. The entire test takes about two hours to complete, and results are typically available within two days.

PTE Core is accepted in Canada immigration programs effective January 30, 2024. The PTE core has a maximum of 90 points. The PTE core test comprises 4 sections; Writing, Speaking, Reading, and Listening divided into three parts.

Cost of PTE Core: 17,000 INR

CLB Level Speaking Listening Reading Writing Overall Points
10 & above 89+ 89+ 88+ 90+ 6
9 84 - 88 82 - 88 78 - 87 88 - 89 6
8 76 - 83 71 - 81 69 - 77 79 - 87 5
7 68 - 75 60 - 70 60 - 68 69 - 78 4

Comparison of IELTS and PTE Core for Canada PR

  1. Both tests assess your English language proficiency in reading, writing, listening, and speaking.
  2. Both are accepted for most Canada immigration programs.
  3. Both cost 17,000 INR (Around CAD 300).
Listening Speaking Reading Writing CLB FSW
IELTS PTE IELTS PTE IELTS PTE IELTS PTE
8 82 - 88 7 84 - 88 7 78 - 87 7 88 - 89 9 6
7.5 71 - 81 6.5 76 - 83 6.5 69 - 77 6.5 79 - 87 8 5
6 - 7 60 - 70 6 68 - 75 6 60 - 68 6 69 - 78 7 4

CELPIP General Test (The Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program)

The English language competency test for citizenship, permanent residency, and professional designations in Canada is called CELPIP. This is a computer-based assessment.

CELPIP-G to CLB Level (FSWP)

First official language

If you fulfill the minimum threshold for all four per-section standards and English is the first language you will obtain a maximum of 24 points.

CLB Level Listening Speaking Reading Writing Points/Abilit
10 & above 10+ 10+ 10+ 10+ 6
9 9 9 9 9 6
8 8 8 8 8 5
7 7 7 7 7 4

Second official language

If you fulfill the minimum threshold for all four per-section standards and English is your second language you will obtain 4 points.

CLB Level Listening Speaking Reading Writing Total Points
5 & above 5 - 12 5 - 12 5 - 12 5 - 12 4

You will be evaluated on factors other than language ability, such as age, education, and professional experience.

Approved French Language Tests for Canada Immigration

Any one of the two French language tests is required to be taken for Canada PR. The test details are given below:

TCF Canada: Test de connaissance du français

TCF (Test de connaissance du français) Canada is a language proficiency test that measures the ability of non-native French speakers to communicate in French. The test assesses the listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills of the candidate and provides an internationally recognized certification of French proficiency for immigration, study, or work purposes in Canada.

The TCF exam costs around 21,476 INR (including GST).

The TCF Canada: Test de connaissance du français includes the following sections of the in the test:

  1. Compréhension de l’écrit (Writing comprehension)
  2. Compréhension de l’oral (Oral comprehension)
  3. Expression écrite (Written expression)
  4. Expression orale (Oral expression)

TEF Canada: Test d’évaluation de français

TEF (Test d’évaluation de français) Canada is a French proficiency test designed for non-native French speakers who wish to immigrate to Canada or pursue academic or professional opportunities in French-speaking communities. The test assesses the candidate's proficiency in listening, speaking, reading, and writing in French, and is recognized by Canadian immigration authorities and various academic institutions and employers across the country. The TEF Canada test scores are an important factor in determining an individual's eligibility for permanent residency or work permits in Canada.

The TEF exam costs around 24, 780 INR (including GST).

The TEF Canada: Test d’évaluation de français includes the following sections of the in the test:

  1. Compréhension de l’écrit (Writing comprehension)
  2. Compréhension de l’oral (Oral comprehension)
  3. Expression écrite (Written expression)
  4. Expression orale (Oral expression)

A maximum of 4 points can be The approved French language test for Canada Permanent Residency are:

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Why IELTS is taken?

IELTS Test is generally taken if one wants to Study or receive a Permanent Resident to a country which has English has their native language.

IELTS is also the most popular test for those looking to migrate to Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the UK.

How does IELTS test works?
  1. Once you book your IELTS test you will receive a confirmation
  2. You will not be able to choose your speaking test date, time and the venue. Within a week from your test date, you will receive an email regarding the time and venue for your test
  3. Test Fee for IELTS test is 14,700 also with 150 as service charges the total test fee is 14,850.
About and how to apply for Revaluation
  1. The Revaluation cost is 8,475
  2. YIf your score doesn’t have a change then the revaluation cost will be refunded.
  3. Your score will not be reduced during the revaluation.
  4. Procedure for revaluation is you will have to contact the test center where you took your IELTS test, you’ll have to fill an Application Form with Financial Details for refund purpose.
  5. You can request a revaluation within 6 weeks from your Test Report Form.
  6. You can request for revaluation for your complete test or any one or more parts
  7. Once you request for a revaluation another IELTS examiner who is not aware of the original marks will evaluate your report.
  8. If there is a change in your report a new Test Report Form will be issued
  9. Your result will normally be available in 2 to 28 days, depending on several factors including the number of sections requested for remark.
IELTS score scale

9 - Expert user - The test taker has fully operational command of the language. Their use of English is appropriate, accurate and fluent, and shows complete understanding.

8 - Very good user - The test taker has fully operational command of the language with only occasional unsystematic inaccuracies and inappropriate usage. They may misunderstand some things in unfamiliar situations. They handle complex and detailed argumentation well.

7 - Good user - The test taker has operational command of the language, though with occasional inaccuracies, inappropriate usage and misunderstandings in some situations. They generally handle complex language well and understand detailed reasoning.

6 - Competent user - The test taker has an effective command of the language despite some inaccuracies, inappropriate usage and misunderstandings. They can use and understand fairly complex language, particularly in familiar situations.

5 - Modest user - The test taker has a partial command of the language and copes with overall meaning in most situations, although they are likely to make many mistakes. They should be able to handle basic communication in their own field.

.

4 - Limited user - The test taker's basic competence is limited to familiar situations. They frequently show problems in understanding and expression. They are not able to use complex language.

3 - Extremely limited user - The test taker conveys and understands only general meaning in very familiar situations. There are frequent breakdowns in communication.

2 - Intermittent user - The test taker has great difficulty understanding spoken and written English.

1 - Non-user - The test taker has no ability to use the language except a few isolated words.

0 - Did not attempt the test - The test taker did not answer the questions.

IELTS comes in two Modules:

Academic test is taken for those who are looking for academic purpose and,

General Training test is taken for those who are looking over to immigrate.

IELTS Test Format:

For paper-based Listening, Reading, and Writing sections will be taken on paper with either pen or pencils.

Results for paper-based test will be announced after 13 calendar days which is in 2 weeks.

For Computer based Listening, Reading, and Writing sections will be taken on computer.

Results for computer-based test will be announced within 3-5 days.

Speaking section for both the format is common which remains will be done Face to Face.

IELTS Test Sections

IELTS Test has 4 sections they are: -

Listening

Reading.

Writing and,

Speaking

How Listening test works?

The Listening format is the same for both the modules.

You will be given headphones to hear over the questions and you will have to write the answers in the question paper itself once after the test is over an extra 10 minutes will be given to transfer the answers to the answer sheet.

Question will be in a format of choose, Fill ups, match and one-word answers, plan/map/diagram labelling.

Listening which has 40 question and it will be divided into 4 sections

1 st Section

  • A conversation between two people as in everyday social context.
  • Eg: conversation in an accommodation agency or a rental conversation
  • 2 nd Section

  • A monologue set in an everyday social context.
  • Eg: a speech about local facilities.
  • 3 rd Section

  • A conversation between up to four people set in an educational or training context.
  • Eg: a university tutor and a student discussing an assignment.
  • 4 th Section

  • A monologue on an academic subject
  • Eg: a university lecture about a particular subject or a person.
  • How Reading Test works?

    For Academic

  • You will be given 40 questions which will be divided into 3 long texts.
  • The texts will be authentic and are taken from books, journals, magazines and newspapers.
  • The types of questions will be in the format of you’ll have find the tittle for the given text, Chose, match, fill up and one or to words answer.
  • For General Training.

  • Requires you to read extracts from books, magazines, newspapers, notices, advertisements, company handbooks and guidelines.
  • The question types would be the same as for academic.
  • How Writing test works?

    For Academic

    There will be 2 tasks. Topics will be general.

    Task 1

  • You will be presented with a graph, table, chart or diagram and are asked to describe, summarize or explain the information in your own words.
  • You may also be asked to describe and explain data, describe the stages of a process, how something works or describe an object or event.
  • For General Training.

  • Requires you to read extracts from books, magazines, newspapers, notices, advertisements, company handbooks and guidelines.
  • The question types would be the same as for academic.
  • Task 2

  • An essay question will be asked
  • The question format will be like.

    1. Advantages and Disadvantages

  • 2. You agree to the statement or not, why?

    summary>How Writing test works?

    For General Training

    There will be 2 tasks. Topics will be general.

    Task 1

  • A letter Writing - You will be presented with a situation and asked to write a letter requesting information or explaining the situation
  • Task 2

  • An essay writing – in response to a point of view, argument or problem.
  • How Speaking test works?
  • All of your speaking parts will be recorded
  • The speaking test is the same for both modules
  • Speaking test is been divided into 3 parts
  • Part 1

  • You will be asked question about yourself and about your home, family, work, studies and interests.
  • Part 2

  • A card will be given to you with any particular topic.
  • One minutes will be given for you to prepare about it
  • You will have to talk about it for 2 minutes.
  • Finally, the examiner will ask you 2 to 3 questions over what you talk.
  • Part 3

  • You will be asked further questions connected to the topic in Part 2
  • This final part will be for 4 to 5 minutes
  • Points to remember for your test

    Speaking

  • Make sure you come up with ideas.
  • Use Idioms
  • Don’t have a long pause
  • Use different connecting words
  • Be Loud.
  • Make sure your pronunciation is clear
  • Don’t use any unused accent
  • Listening

  • Listen to the question clearly
  • Don’t mix up the questions
  • If the question/answer is not clear go to the next immediately
  • Writing

  • Write neatly
  • Understand the question first
  • Use different set of words and connecters
  • Have side heading for your 2 nd test if it is an essay
  • Don’t go out of the concept (question).
  • Make sure your pronunciation is clear
  • Stick to the word limit
  • Reading

  • Stick to the timings
  • Understand every question properly
  • Don’t take more than 2 to 3 mins for each question
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